In this post we're going to be tying up some loose ends. So the first thing we need to do before we get started is login as root, give it a password then change our hostname.
Root Password Setup
To set a password for the root account use the following:
- passwd EnterPasswordHere
- Then type exit
Now login as root and type in the password you just created. Success!
Changing the hostname is extremely easy:
It is reccomended to have all lowercase letters for your hostname.
- hostnamectl set-hostname EnterHostNameHere
Logout to test if the hostname was set properly:
Login again as root. You should now see your new hostname!
Issue the following comand to set up network access:
Test it out by pinging google:
- ping www.google.com
Moving forward for this tutorial I will be using the xfce desktop environment but you can use whatever desktop environment you want; like gnome or kde. Also, I'm going to walk you guys through installing things that are necessary for most desktop environments.
First we need to download alsa-utils:
- pacman -S alsa-utils
exit to get out of the root account and then login with your user account that we created in part four of this tutorial.
Once you're logged in with your user account issue the following command:
You can see that sound is completely muted for the system. In order to pump up the volume, use the arrow keys to navigate to the following channels:
- Master M
Then raise the gain on each of those channels to 0.00db. You can view the gain level at the top of the screen where it says item.
Once you're done press the escape key to exit and save your settings.
Setting Up GUI Packages
Type the following command:
- sudo pacman -S xorg-server xorg-xinit xorg-server-utils mesa ttf-dejavu samba smbclient networkmanager networkmanager-vpnc networkmanager-pptp networkmanager-openconnect network-manager-applet gvfs gvfs-smb sshfs
Thanks to sudo you will be asked to enter your password so you can run the command. After doing so you will be asked to specify which provider to choose for libgl. Since I have a nvidia card, I chose it then pressed enter, then Y to proceed with the installation.
Video Card Driver Installation
Alright, so if you don't happen to know what video card you have in your machine here's a command that will tell you exactly what card you have:
- lspci -k | grep -A 2 -i "VGA"
Now that you know what video card you have. Use one of the following commands that corresponds with your video card:
VirtualBox Graphics Adapter:
- sudo pacman -S virtualbox-guest-utils
- sudo pacman -S xf86-video-intel
- sudo pacman -S xf86-video-ati
- sudo pacman -S nvidia
After you issue your chosen command, follow the prompts to install your video driver. Driver installation takes just a few seconds to complete.
Enabling the Network Manager
The last thing we want to do now is enable the network manager to start up as soon as the computer boots so that we'll have internet access once Arch has been booted.
- sudo systemctl enable NetworkManager
- sudo reboot
Once you're back at the login command prompt, login with your user account.
To test out what we just did we will issue a ping command:
- ping www.google.com
So with everything finally setup, in the next part we will install the GUI so that we can interact with our computer via a mouse, play with an actual desktop and browse the internet.